Tuesday, April 17, 2012

Recommend?

I would recommend this book to someone of the older age because it made me think of how the world would be if it followed this story line when I was born. I think someone older than me can relate to Orwells feelings about the future, because they too were experiencing the cruel treatment of their goverment in their childhood as well. I would definitely consider reading it again, and I enjoyed it tremendously.

Summary.

Winston is a member of the Party who does not abide by all of their rules. Secretly he questions past, sex, love, and memories even though this act is completely prohibited by his rulers. He knows that he can be caught with all the rebellious crimes he commits but continues to commit them anyway. He keeps all his thoughts confidental, and only shares them with a few people.

Winston often strolls the streets of the proles, who he thinks is the hope for their future, and one day can overthrow the Party. He often visits a secondhand store ran by a man named Mr. Charrington who Winston is not suspicious of in any way. He buys things from this store to symbolize his hope for the future.

Eventually, Winston falls in love with a mysterious dark haired girl named Julia who is also a member of the party. They secretly meet, have sex, and share their rebellious hateful thoughts for the Party. Even though Julia is content with her life, and has accept the rules of the Party, Winston shares with her his thoughts of one day the Party been overthrew. They rent an apartment above Mr. Charringtons store to meet more regularly and safely.

Winston confides in one of his co-workers O'Brien who makes him believe he is a member of the enemy group against the Party, called the Brotherhood. He shares to O'Brien all his secrets, thoughts, and hatred for the Party and O'Brien makes Winston believe he agrees and feels the same.

Julia and Winston are caught by the Thought Police and are taken to the Minstry of Love and tortured until they are both faithful members of the Party once again. They both end up betraying each other due to the enormous, dangerous amount of torture they are given, and both cave in to the Party. They are both released and go back to living their lives before the rebellion, praising Big Brother, the leader of the Party.

Best Chapter.

I think that the best chapter in book three is chapter two. This chapter really shows the outcome of torture on the people in Oceania who choose to rebel. O'Brien tortures Winston for his answers to his questions, his thoughts of his childhood memories, his thoughts of sex and lust, his curiousity of the past, how the Party came into control, and who was in control before their time. O'Brien tortures Winston to the point where he accepts the fact that O'Brien is holding up five fingers, when he really is only holding up four. Winston also is tortured to the point where he wishes the torture upon Julia to get rid of the torture from himself, showing how the Party can overturn emotions for human beings to other human beings. In the end, Winston is tortured so much that he actually believes he loves Big Brother, and will abide by his rules happily.

Orwells Tone.

The Author of this story, George Orwell writes in a specific manner. His writing and story line is very dark, frustrated, and negative. Everytime the story is to come along with hope, Orwell is quick to crush it and make a consequence for being hoped for in the first place. He writes as if he is frustrated with the world in 1949, making this cruel prediction of the world in 1984. As a reader, I can tell that there is much negativity in this story.

Events.

1. Winston is writing in his diary that he purchased from the secondhand store, even though both actions are very prohibited in Oceania. He is writing about his hate for the Party, his hate for certain people, and his thoughts that the Party would most definitely punish him for thinking. At that moment, he looks down and realizes that he has repeatedly been writing "DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER" in his diary.

Significance- The Party believes they are in control of everyone and everything but Winston, along with many others disobeys them almost everyday. This event shows that no matter what year, or what type of government, or control we are under, no one can completely control the thought of a human being.

2. When the story begins Winston is limping up the stairs due to his hurt ankle. The story states that the elevator in his "run-down" apartment is almost always broken. Yet, when the author speaks of the "telescreens" that are in every home, and always on, monitoring the citizens of Oceania, it is described as very high tech and sounds very expensive.

Significance- The Party is supposed to be believed by all people that they rule for the good of the people and to keep Oceania safe, and in order. Yet, this event shows their priorities and how they place theirselves and their luxuries before the citizens of Oceania.

3. Winston goes to lunch on a break from work with a friend named Syme. They have a conversation about Syme's intellegence and are interupted by a message from the Party. The message states that there is an increase in production, and everyone is joyful about the announcement. Winston knows that the "increase" is actually a decrease from the chocalate ration, compared to the day before.

Significance- The Party has so much control over the peoples minds that even when everyone knows yesterdays food supply was more than todays they still believe the Party when they tell them it is more. The Party is in total control of almost everyones brain.

4. The Party outlaws sex and works into peoples mind that the act of sex is a form of major rebellion. People in Oceania think of sex as if it is only a way to reproduce new members for the party. Winston remembers of the past and his sex with a pole prostitue, he longs to have another sexual encounter the way he did in his memories.

Significance- The Party does not want people to fall in love, or have emotions towards each other. This shows that they are trying to prevent minds thinking together. Winston realizes that sex is a form of love, and the Party makes that a form of rebellion because they do not want anyone to team up and question their authority, or catch on to their schemes.

5. Winston and Julia become close secret lovers, and meet many times over the weeks. Julia tells him she loves him, and they have sexual intercourse. At this point Winston shares his hatred for the Party, and tells her about his hope for world rebellion. Julia shows him that she is content with her rebellion against the Party, and accepts her life and lives it to the best of its abilities.

Significance- I believe that this event makes Winston want to have widespread rebellion even more than he did before meeting Julia. He is not okay with the fact that their may be many people that are content with their rebellion, and secretcy of their rebellion and wants them all to unite and overpower the Party.

6. Winston rents out the room above the secondhand store so him and Julia can meet secretly and regularly. While there Julia states that one day she will clean the picture of the church that Mr. Charrington showed to Winston before.

Significance- If Julia had cleaned off the picture like she said she planned on doing, the couple would have found the hidden telescreen behind the photograph. If the couple would have found it, they may have had time to come up with a plan to escape their awaiting torture, or to escape Oceania all together.

7. Julia and Winston go to O'Briens house together and meet with him. When they arrive O'Brien turns off his telescreen and Winston informs him about all his, and Julias hatred towards the Party. O'Brien agrees with him, and tells him about the Brotherhood really exsisting and his dreams of also overthrowing the Party. Winston feels safe, and feels that O'Brien is on the same page as himself.

Significance- O'Brien really is a loyal member to the Party, and only invited Winston over to get him caught with the Thought Police. He is the main reason why Winston is caught, and tortured, along with Julia.

8. When Julia and Winston are caught towards the end of the story and the troops pour into their apartment above Mr. Charringtons store, they beat them both and break the paperweight. Mr. Charrington arrives, as Winston realizes that the voice through the telescreen behind the picture was actually Mr. Charringtons. He orders someone to pick up the broken peices of the paperweight.

Significance- The paperweight was one of Winstons hopeful looks towards the future. When he looked at the paperweight he imagined a life outside of Oceania, where he could happily live with Julia, free of the parties control. This is significant because the first thing the troops do is break this object, resembling getting rid of Winstons hope for his fantasy future.

9. When Winston awakes after being caught he wakes up in a prison cell where the lights never turn off. O'Brien arrives into the cell, and Winston thinks that they have caught him in Party rebellion too. Come to find out, O'Brien is a member of the Ministry of Love. He tortures Winston into becoming a faithful member of the Part once again.

Significance- This event is significant because all through out the story Winston dreams of meeting O'Brien in the "place with no darkness." He does meet O'Brien here but in actuality it is a prison cell where the lights do not turn off.

10. When Winston is released from the Ministry of Love he goes to the Chesnut Tree Cafe where members of the party that were dismissed go to drink. He still dreams of the times that he was happy, with his sister, his mother, and Julia. He sees her after he is released and they both agree to meet again somewhere, someday. Although neither of them is really interested in continuing their relationship.

Significance- Winston and Julia both accepted their fate prior to being caught, and agreed to not let the torture come in between their strong love for each other. After being released from their prisons, they see each other and have no interest in continuing their "love". This is significant because they both betrayed each other, and are well aware of the others betrayal.

Monday, April 16, 2012

Places.

St. Clemens Church- Winston dreams of this place and associates the chant that is repeated through out this dream saying "Here comes the chopper to chop your head off." When Winston gets caught in his rebellion this shows symbolism because it is the picture that is in his flat that he rents above Mr. Charringtons shop. This picture is what leads the Thought Police directly to Winston because of the television screen that is behind this picture. It is also a reminder of how the Party controls the past.

The Place Where There is no Darkness- In the story Winston meets O'Brien here in his dreams and it is a place of paradise. In reality, it becomes the Prison Cell he is placed in after getting caught of rebellion. Symblozing the Place Where There is no Darkness, the lights coincidentally never turn off.

Main Characters.

Julia- The girl who Winston is in love with. She has had affairs with many Party members. Hates the Party just as Winston does, but in contrast to Winston keeps her hate personal, and confidental.

Winston- A member of the Ruling Party, secretly hates the Party and rebels against it confidentaly. He dreams of being free from the control of the Party.

Big Brother- The main leader of the Party. Not ever seen in person, but recognized in figure. His message is emboided everywhere to everyone. Signs state "Big Brother is watching you", and he is televised through out Oceania.

Mr. Charrington- Owns the store that Winston comes to. Acts as if he is a supporter of Winstons rebellion against the party and acts as if he even agrees with the idea. In reality, he is a member of the Thought Police and turns Winston in to the Party.

O'Brien- A very important, and recognized member of the Party. Also Winston believes is secretely a member of Brotherhood.

Emmanuel Goldstein- A person who never actaully visually appears in the story, but is known as the leader of the Brotherhood. He is told about as a dangerous character, and the most fearful man in Oceania.

The Titles Relation.

The title of this book relates to the story. The author named this book 1984, and tells about his predictions of the world in that year. He tells about the dsytopian world that he imagines in 1984 and the controllment of the rulers.

George Orwell.

George Orwell was born as Eric Blair in 1903 in Montahari, Bengal. His Father worked for the Opium Department, and his Mother brought him to England when he was one years old not seeing his father again until he was 4 ears old. He described his family as a "lower-upper class family." He was recommended to the head master of St. Cyprians school which he attended on a scholarship, allowing his parents to only pay half of the usual costs. When he then moved to Eton and was a King Scholar until 1921.

"1984"

Orwell, George. 1984. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc. 1949.